There can be wide variability between species as well; what is relatively safe for rats may very well be extremely toxic for humans ( cf. paracetamol toxicity ), and vice versa. For example, chocolate, comparatively harmless to humans, is known to be toxic to many animals . When used to test venom from venomous creatures, such as snakes , LD 50 results may be misleading due to the physiological differences between mice, rats, and humans. Many venomous snakes are specialized predators of mice, and their venom may be adapted specifically to incapacitate mice; and mongooses may be exceptionally resistant. While most mammals have a very similar physiology, LD 50 results may or may not have equal bearing upon every mammal species, including humans.